Exploring Different Types of Birth Control
Birth control is a key part of any adult’s life and comes in many forms. Understanding the different types of birth control available to you will help you make an informed decision about which type best suits you and your lifestyle.
Barrier methods are used to physically prevent sperm from reaching the uterus. These methods include:
- Condom: A thin latex or polyurethane sheath placed over the penis to capture sperm.
- Diaphragm: A shallow, dome-shaped, silicone or latex cup placed over the cervix.
- Cervical Cap: A deep, thimble-shaped cup placed over the cervix.
Hormonal methods prevent pregnancy by controlling the hormones needed for ovulation and fertilization. These methods include:
- Combined Hormonal Methods: Birth control pills, patches, and rings that combine estrogen and progestin.
- Progestin-only Hormonal Methods: Mini-pills, injections, implants, and intrauterine devices (IUDs) that contain progestin.
Sterilization is a permanent form of contraception. It can be done either to the male (vasectomy) or to the female (tubal ligation) to prevent the sperm from reaching the eggs.
Also known as the morning-after pill, this method of contraception is used to prevent pregnancy as long as 72 hours after unprotected sex. If taken within 24 hours, it’s up to 95% effective.
When it comes to birth control, it is important to choose the right method for you and your lifestyle. Talk to your healthcare provider to learn more about the different types of birth control and how to choose the one that best suits your needs.